Hanna Gruchociak

(Polish) PDF


Used in Europe and worldwide algorithms for the delimitation of local labor markets require knowledge of data on commuter routes, in particular the migration matrix associated with employment. In 2011, the Statistical Office in Poznań published the second part of results of a unique research concerning employment-related population flows for the year 2006, based on data obtained from tax records of the resources of the Ministry of Finance. Available data allow performing a comprehensive and independent researcher on the subjective opinion of delimitation of local labor markets in Poland for first from many years. Delimitation of local labor markets is conducted using two methodologies taken from the literature. The first is an algorithm developed for the UK by M. Coombes, A. Green and S. Openshaw, which is recommended by Eurostat as a standard approach to defining local labor markets in European countries. Another approach was used is an algorithm proposed by Kristensen for delimitation of local labor markets in Denmark. In the following part of the paper was proposed a taxonomic approach, which combines the benefits of both approaches from literature. After the delimitation of local labor markets in Poland attempts to compare and evaluate the results.


delimitation of local labor markets, commuter routes, the matrix of employment-related flows


[1] Andersen A.K., (2002), Are Commuting Areas Relevant for the Delimitation of Administrative Regions in Denmark?, Regional Studies, 36 (8), 833-844.

[2] Bamber A., Walter R., (2009), Implementing the Australian statistical geography standard (ASGS). In: Ostendorf B., Baldock P., Bruce D., Burdett M., Corcoran P.(eds.), Proceedings of the Surveying & Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference, Adelaide 2009, Surveying & Spatial Sciences Institute, pp. 605-616.

[3] Brown L., Holmes J., (1971), The delimitation of functional regions, nodal regions, and hierarchies by functional distance approaches, Journal of Regional Science, 1, 57-72.

[4] Casado-Diaz J.M., (2000), Local Labour Market Areas in Spain, Regional Studies, 34 (9), 843-856.

[5] Coombes M.G., Green A.E., Openshaw S., (1986), An Efficient Algorithm to Generate Official Statistical Reporting Areas, Journal of the Operational Research Society, 37 (10), 943-53.

[6] Coombes M.G., Wymer C., Charlton M.E., Bailey S., Stonehouse A., Openshaw S., (1997), Review of Travel-to-Work Areas and Small Area Unemployment Rates, Labour Market Trends, 105, 9-12.

[7] Dojazdy do pracy w Polsce. Terytorialna identyfikacja przepływów ludności związanych z zatrudnieniem (2010), red. K. Kruszka, Główny Urząd Statystyczny i Urząd Statystyczny w Poznaniu, Poznań 2010.

[8] Eurostat (1992), Study on Employment Zones, Eurostat (E/LOC/20), Luxembourg.

[9] Filas-Przybył S., Stachowiak D., 2010, Badanie przepływów ludności związanych z zatrudnieniem w: Procesy metropolizacyjne w teorii naukowej i praktyce konferencja naukowa Łódź, 12-14 października 2009, GUS, Warszawa.

[10] Fusco G., Caglioni M., (2011), Hierarchical Clustering through Spatial Interaction Data. The Case of Commuting Flows in South-Eastern France, Computer Science, 2011, Volume 6782/2011, 135- 151.

[11] Gołata E., (2004), Estymacja bezpośrednia bezrobocia na lokalnym rynku pracy, Wydawnictwo Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu.

[12] Kristensen K., (1998), Functional Economic Areas of Denmark: Applying Input-Output Techniques to Commuting, Bornholms Forskningscenter.

[13] Lagner¨o M., (2003), Local Labour Markets. Working Paper. Statistics, Stockholm.

[14] Newell J., Papps K., (2001), Identifying Functional Labour Market Areas in New Zealand: A Reconnaissance Study using Travel-to-Work Data, New Zealand Department of Labour Occasional Paper Series, 2001/6.

[15] Nystuen J., Dacey M., (1968), A Graph Theory Interpretation of Nodal Regions, Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association, 7, 29-42.

[16] Ogólna charakterystyka badania przepływów ludności związanych z zatrudnieniem w 2006 r., opracowanie: Ośrodek Statystyki Miast, Urząd Statystyczny w Poznaniu, http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/poznan/ASSETS Dojazdy do pracy metodologia do internetu.pdf.

[17] Papps K.L., Newell J.O., (2002), Identifying Functional Labour Market Areas in New Zealand: A Reconnaissance Study Using Travel-to-Work Data, IZA Discussion Paper 443.

[18] Sforzi F., (1987), L’identificazione spaziale, in BECATTINI G. (Ed) Mercato e Forze Locali: Il Distretto Industriale. Il Mulino, Bologna.

[19] Tolbert C., Sizer M., (1996), US Commuting Zones and Labour Market Areas. A 1990 Update. US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.

[20] Van der Haegen H., Pattyn M., (1980), An operationalization of the concept of city region in West- European perspective: the Belgian city regions, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 61, 70-77.

Back to top
© 2019–2022 Copyright by Statistics Poland, some rights reserved. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-SA 4.0) Creative Commons — Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International — CC BY-SA 4.0