Agata Żółtaszek

(English) PDF


Health care is a key sector of every economy and is of grate medical, social, and economical importance to all citizens. It is also one of the most diverse sectors in the world, especially in the aspect of financing. In Poland health care is mostly public funded. However due to system’s inefficiency new policies are discussed, some of which include various methods of co-payment. Popularisation of currently uncommon private medical insurance, either supplementary or complementary to public financing, are one of the proposed solutions.
The main goal of this paper is to present health econometric micro simulation model of households’ medical expenses in Poland. Model is based on individual household panel data considering private funding of health care and willingness-to-pay for private medical insurance. It is to be used to forecast future situation depending on various funding reform proposals. This research is to prove usefulness of micro simulations in assessing health care police, which is of currently of major importance in Poland.


microsimulation, health economics, health econometrics, private expenditures on healthcare, microeconometric model


[1] Baroni E., Richiardi M., (October 2007), Orcutt’s Vision, 50 years on, Working Paper no. 65.

[2] Cameron A., Trivedi P., (2005), Microeconometrics. Methods and Applications. Cambridge University Press, New York.

[3] Myck M., (2008), Analizy polskiego system podatkowo – zasiłkowego z wykorzystaniem modelu mikrosymulacyjnego SIMPL, Problemy polityki społecznej nr 11/2008.

[4] Orcutt G.H., Caldwell S., Wertheimer R.F., (1976) Policy exploration through microanalytic simulation, The Urban Institute, Washington D.C.

[5] REPORT „Finansowanie ochrony zdrowia w Polsce – Zielona Ksiega II”, wersja trzecia Ministerstwo Zdrowia, Warszawa, 29 August 2008.

[6] Suchecka J., (1992), Modelowanie sfery ochrony zdrowia. Problemy i metody, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.

[7] Suchecka J., (1998), Ekonometria ochrony zdrowia, Wydawnictwo Absolwent, Lodz.

[8] Suchecki B., (ed.), (2010), Ekonometria przestrzenna, PWE, Warsaw.

[9] Statistical yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2010, (2011), Central Statistical Office, Warsaw.

[10] World Health Organization Statistical Information System: Core Health Indicators, select.cfm (10.05.2010).

[11] Wisniewski J.W., (2009), Mikroekonometria, Wydawnictwo Mikołaja Kopernika, Torun.

[12] Zółtaszek A., Jewczak M., (2011), Spatial and dynamic analysis of healthcare expenditures in OECD countries, [w:] Spatial econometrics and regional economic analysis, Suchecki B. (red.), Folia oeconomica 252,Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódz, html (20.04.2011).

Back to top
© 2019–2022 Copyright by Statistics Poland, some rights reserved. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-SA 4.0)