Grzegorz Tarczyński

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The paper presents the model for optimal number of merged orders that will reduce the average order-picking time. Two order batching policies were described: pick-then-sort and sort-while-pick. One-block rectangular warehouses were considered. The author studied two routing heuristics: s-shape and return for which the equations for average order-picking time can be designated based on probability distributions: binomial distribution and uniform distribution. The research takes into account the possible congestion problem. Based on simulations the analytical form of blocking time for pickers was proposed. The study shows that the advantages of each additional merged order is getting smaller. Using ABC classification for storage location assignment in warehouses with low number of aisles and large pick lists can extend the average order-picking time.


order-pick ing, order-batching, optimization, congestion, blocking


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